Sunday, May 23, 2010

Langtang Region Trek

Langtang region trekking, itinerary, permit,Guide cost in Nepal

A trek to this region takes us into some of the wildest and most scenic areas of Nepal. Diverse climatic regions- from the fertile rice basins of Trisuli to the dense forests of rhododendron and conifer on the higher slopes, the high alpine yak pastures, glaciers and moraines around Kyangin Gompa- all await the ambitious trekker. This area boasts the whole range of Himalayan topography. The Langtang area is still relatively undisturbed. It supports a healthy population of wildlife and there are good chance of seeing various species of wild goat and deer. Bird watching and botanical study are equally worthwhile set against the backdrop of the magnificent mountains.
Situated in the Central Himalaya, Langtang National Park is the nearest park to Kathmandu and directly north of it. It was established in 1976 to conserve the unique flora and fauna of the region. The 1710 sq. km. of the park extend over parts of Nuwakot, Rasuwa, and Sindhupalchok districts in the southern mountainous terrain on the Nepal-China (Tibet) border.
Langtang Valley, popularly known as valley of glaciers, is a famous trekking destination. Its twin attributes, easy accessibility and breathtaking mountain scenery, make it very popular among trekkers worldwide. The valley presents beautiful pine forests, rushing rivers, ruggedrock, snow-blanketed peaks, and sprawling meadows. The trek up the Langtang valley is one of the finest mountain treks available in Nepal. This region has three relatively short yet interesting treks: Langtang, Helambu and Gosainkunda. These treks can be enjoyed separately or can be combined into a 16-day trip. Lower regions like Helambu are perfect for winter treks while in spring this region's rhododendrons are especially beautiful. The people are a mixture of Tamang, Sherpa and Bhotia. Food and lodging are easily available along the main routes.

The village of Langtang, at 3,307m  is the largest village of the region despite its small size. Its upper valley is a grazing paradise, rich in flowers and grass and dotted with stone huts used in the summer for butter making. Sewn in skins and exported to Tibet to flavor tea and fuel monastery lamps, butter was once the region's major industry.

Langtang region trekking one of the popular trekking in Nepal. specially the langtang valley trekking is the heart of the langtang region trekking. From the langtang valley there is possible to connect to other areas such as Gosaikunda, Helambu and tamang heritage. Some parts of the Helambu such as Tharepati and Kutumsang also bounded by the langtang region trekking or Langtang National park. Making a center point of the langtang valley trek , there is possible to make different itinerary of the lang tang region trekking. Langtang valley trekking, Langtang valley and Gosaikunda trekking, Langtang helambu trekking are the best trekking itinerary of the langtang region trekking in Nepal.

LANGTANG NATIONAL PARK -Established Designated in 1970-71 and gazetted in 1976( Area 1710 sq. kms)

It was established in 1976 to conserve the unique flora and fauna of the region. It is the nearest national park of the capital Kathmandu in the Central Himalayan Region. The 1710 sq. km. of the park extends over parts of Nuwakot, Rasuwa, and Sindhupalchok districts in the

southern mountainous terrain of the Nepal-China (Tibet) border. In 1998 an areas of 420 km2 in and around the park declare as a buffer zone. The park represents a meeting point between indo-Malayan and Palearctic realms, and holds a rich biodiversity.

Buffer zone management is a joint venture between the park office and the local communities. Local communities have a decision-making role in the management of such areas. Additionally, the local communities or the BZ receive 30 to 50 % of the park revenue for the better management of natural resources to ensure a sustainable supply of resources and community development
September through May offers a variety of natural splendors, from lush temperate river valleys with screeching langur to spectacular old growth forest and glacial-craved cliffs rimmed by snow-covered peaks. The weather is also relatively dry except January-February when one may come across snow.Autumn is the best time to visit the Park. By April bursts of red, pink, and while rhododendrons stretch into towering canopies of fir and oak forests. Advent of warm weather makes the Yak and Chauri herds ascend to higher elevation, making occasional camps in the pasturelands, to follow years of tradition. From June to august, skies are heavy with monsoon rains. During August, a lively festival at Gosaikunda Lake attracts thousands of Hindu pilgrims and September witnesses’ spectacular display of wild flowers, while livestock herds, once again, return to lower pastures

Flora and Fauna
Sub-tropical vegetation characterized by Sal (Shorea robusta) forest in the southern section of the park is gradually taken over by hill forest (2000-2600m) consisting of Chirpine, Rhododendron, and Nepalese alder. The temperate zone (2600-3000m) is covered mainly by oak forest fading to old growth forest of silver fir, hemlock, and larch in the lower sub-alpine zone (3000-3600m). The Nepalese larch (larixnepalensis), the only deciduous conifer in the region, is found in this park and few places elsewhere. Throughout these zones different species of Rhododendron such as R. arboretum, R. barbatum, R. Campanella, and R. lepidotum (scrubs) to name a few, form a colorful under story. Tree species such as birch, silver fir, Sorbus micro phyla and twisted Rhododendron are found near the tree line. It is here at 4000m Juniper and Rhododendron shrubs (R. anthopogon) slowly dissolve into expansive alpine grassland meadows.

Langtang's expansive high meadows provide summer habitat for numerous ungulate species such as musk deer and Himalayan tahr. The park is also well known for its populations of red panda, Himalayan black bear, snow leopard, wild dog, ghoral, serow and more than 250 species of birds.

Facilities: HOtel, tea house and home stay accommodation.
How to get there: Kathmandu to by bus  to Dhunche or Sabrubenshi

Places of interest
Three main trek routes; 1) Langtang Valley, 2) Helambu and 3) Gosaikunda Lake cover much of the Langtang National park and the southern Helambu region. Langtang and Helambu regions are connected through Lauribina La. All routes have the facilities of locally operated hotel/lodge, teahouse, and campgrounds for groups. The park offers a choice of moderate to more difficult hiking with duration ranging from 3 days to 3 weeks. Lodges operate year round except during the peak winter when the trails are blocked.

Trekkers who take extra time to explore trailside wilderness (e.g. near Ghora Tabela and Kyanjin) hill top view point (Kyanjin), and cultural sites (notably in Langtang village and Melamchighyang. Tarkeghayang and Shemathang) will be well rewarded. One has to be self sustaining to venture remote areas of the Park such as Panch Pokhari (five lakes), east of Helambu, the toe of Langshisa glacier, and upper level valley from Kyanjin: and over the challenging Ganja La pass in upper Langtang Valley.

Acclimatization and Safety
High altitude Sickness (HAS) can be life threatening if elevation is gained too rapidly without proper acclimatization. Medical doctors advise against ascending more than 400m a day once above 3000m elevations. Alternatively, one can spend an extra night at 3000m and 3500m before ascending higher.
Over exertion and dehydration contribute to HAS. Drink at least 3-4 litters of water everyday besides tea and coffee which act as diuretics. Watch the health of your companions and porters. Symptoms of HAS are headache, dizziness, trouble in breathing and sleeping, loss of appetite, nausea and general fatigue. If someone develops HAS symptoms, take the person to lower elevation immediately.

The Langtang-Helambu trails are rocky and slippery after rain or frost. Watch out for falling rocks while crossing landslides but do not stop. Never hike alone. Hiring local guides is strongly recommended on Ganja La (5120m) trek and on Lauribina La (4600m) during winter. Carrying acomprehensive first-aid kit is advisable as there are no medical facilities out of Dhunche. Telephone facilities are available at Singh Gompa and at major settlements in Helambu.

Langtang Valley Trek (Dhunche-Kyanjin)
Starting Point Destination Hours Altitudes
Kathmandu Dunche 8-10 1960m
(car/bus) Syafrubensi 1420m
Dhunche Thulo Syafru 4-5 2120m
Thulo Syafru Bamboo 3-4 1975m
Syafrubensi Bamboo 4-5 1975m
Bamboo Lama Hotel 3-4 2840m
Lama Hotel Ghora Tabela 3-4 3000m
Ghora Tabela Langtang 3-4 3420m
Langtang Kyanjin 2-3 3900m

Dunche to Helambu via Gosainkunda
Sundarijal Pati Bhanjyang 5-6 1770m
Pati Bhanjyang Kutumsang 4-5 2470m
Kutumsang Tharepati 3-4 3630m
Main Trekking area in the langtang region
Langtang valley , Gosaikunda , Tamang heritage and Helambu are the main langtang region trekking in Nepal. Mainly langtang valley trekking where is langtang village and Langtang Himal that is the main region of the langtang trekking. Kynjin Gompa where is cheese factory, monastery and excellent view point of the langtang region. From the view point of the Tyso Ri and Kynjin Ri there are visible Yala peak, Langtang Lirung, Mount Sisapanga are etc. are the  panoramic views seen from the langtang region trekking. To explore the langtang region it is very great ideas staying couple of days in langtang region trekking. From the Kynjin Gomba it takes only two days down in sabrubenshi and take 4 days to go Gosaikunda lake.

Permit processing and cost for the langtang  region trekking:
Timms card and Langtang National park entry fee are the permit and document of the langtang valley trekking. for the Timms card , it take one pp size photo and copy of the your passport. Then register trekking agency will be make your permit very instantly. if you are very late to make the permit for the langtang region, there are facility to make on the way also, near the Dhunche.

Cost of the langtang valley trekking:
According to the itinerary and mode of the transportation, langtang region trekking cost will be difference.  if you drop to the trekking starting point by the Jeep, land cruiser and pick up by same way cost will be difference.if you go by local bus there are two types of the bus local and express. we recommended express bus to go to the langtang valley trekking.
Langtang valley trekking 7 days cost -$450 usd , transportation basic upon express bus to the sabrubenshi and sabrubenshi to Kathmandu.
Langtang valley with Gosaikunda trekking 10 days cost $630 usd.
Langtang valley, Gosaikunda with Helambu trekking 13 days cost -$800 usd.

Booking langtang region trekking from aboard:
First , it is better to inform the trekking agency of the langtang your arrival time and departure time from Nepal. According to your staying Nepal , you can consulate by Skype or phone about the langtang region trekking. Then, better to  know what things include in the package and no. How many days hotel in kathmandu and langtang region. Trek will be successful in friendly environment if service details you know before coming Nepal or before starting the trekking. You can book both full board package and service package.In the Full board package included the Hotel in Kathmandu in BB planning, accommodation with three times meals in langtang region(Breakfast and launch) Also you have to ask the mode of the transportation before booking the trip. After all information , it is better to read the agency feed back by other trekkers and customer. After you decide to  booking the trip of the langtang region then you have to send the advance for the documentation and  time fixing.Advance will be $200 usd which is non refundable, then rest of the amount you have to give before departure to langtang region of Nepal.  

 Trekking Guide and Salary  for the langtang region trekking:
we recommended the license holder trekking Guide working in the Government register agency and who already experience the langtang region many times. Those Guide knows  the high altitude medicine , well caring and knowledge for cooking food that will be perfect. not only that knowing the culture of the local people , views of the Langtang Himalaya , history of the trekking, local people and climbing , that will be the perfect guide of the langtang valley or region trekking in Nepal. Actually trekking Guide salary included in your package trip of the langtang region. you there are service package for the langtang region , Guide charge will be $25 per day, which include Guide foods, Salary. Tips is your Choice to give , how much you like it is not compulsion , it is optional things.

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